Wednesday, 3 February 2021

Donor in ART

In donor assisted reproductive technology eggs, sperm, or embryos are donated by a third person or donor to enable an infertile individual or couple to become parents. Donor conception is a lifelong decision which requires an extensive process of consultation and discussion. We provide all the information required on opting for conception with donor assisted ART and help you explore the social and emotional considerations associated with it. ART can be done using three types of donors:

    Sperm Donation

In sperm donation, the sperms provided by a male donor is used for inseminating the woman by means of ART. Sperm donors can be opted in situations of male infertility or when the male partner is a carrier of a serious genetic condition. The sperm donors undergo a series of screening tests for a variety of hereditary and medical conditions before donating to the sperm bank or direct donation.

    Egg Donation

In egg donation, fertile eggs are retrieved from a healthy donor and used for fertilising with sperm to form embryos, which are then transferred into the recipient’s uterus to achieve pregnancy. Egg donors undergo a screening process before donating to the intended recipient. Sperms of the  recipient’s partner or a sperm donor are used for fertilization and the recipient carries the baby full term like any normal pregnancy. This can be opted for women with poor quality of eggs, decreasing egg reserve or who are carriers of genetic diseases.

    Embryo Donation

In embryo donation, the couple with untreatable infertility problems adopt a healthy embryo which has been formed from donor eggs and donor sperms.  The donor egg and donor sperm are fertilized using IVF methods to create the embryo, which will be placed in the uterus of the recipient woman. The recipient woman is then monitored through her pregnancy and childbirth. Embryo donation can be considered in cases of untreatable fertility issues that involve both partners, untreatable infertility in a single woman, recurrent pregnancy loss due to embryonic factors, and genetic disorders that affect one or both partners.

Donor assisted ART has provided numerous couples the chance to fulfil their dream of parenthood. At Smile Baby IVF, we ensure third-party reproduction proceeds as smoothly as possible to help in the conception and delivery of a healthy child.

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Friday, 13 November 2020

Tubal block

The fallopian tubes are located  on either side of the uterus in the abdominal cavity. For a woman to conceive, the fallopian tubes transport the sperm from the uterus to the egg that has been released by the ovary during ovulation. It also helps with the transportation of the fertilised egg or embryo to the uterus for implantation. When there is a block in this transportation channel, it is called Tubal Block. Tubal blocks can affect either one or both the fallopian tubes in a woman.

Major Causes of Tubal Block:

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Sexually transmitted infections
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Fibroids
  • Endometriosis
  • Abdominal surgery

Consequences of Tubal Block

Tubal block is one of the common causes of infertility in women as the sperm cannot travel to the egg, or the fertilised egg cannot make its way to the uterus. Another complication with blocked fallopian tube is ectopic pregnancy. In ectopic pregnancy, the fertilised egg gets implanted in the blocked tube. This is not a viable pregnancy and is life-threatening for the mother.

Pregnancy with Tubal Block

It can be difficult to have a normal pregnancy with a tubal block but with the advancement in medical science, it is not impossible too. Depending on the extent to which the fallopian tubes are blocked, there are various treatment options available. Treatment can range from canulation of the tubes under guidance, surgical repair of the fallopian tubes to assisted reproductive techniques like IVF. Develop a healthy living  routine and review your condition with your doctor to see what works best for you.

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Friday, 26 June 2020

Does Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) affect pregnancy?

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is a hormone disorder that affects the female reproductive system. This leads to enlarged ovaries with tiny cysts containing immature eggs. Women with PCOS are considered to be at higher risk of complications during pregnancy.


Women with PCOS can have excess levels of male hormone androgen along with infrequent or lengthy menstrual periods. This greatly affects the chances of pregnancy. With proper treatment, it can be done but will take time and patience.

There is no one definitive test for PCOS. The doctor will recommend a pelvic exam to physically check the reproductive organs for growths or other abnormalities; blood tests to check and measure hormone levels, and also glucose, cholesterol and triglyceride levels and an ultrasound to check the thickness of the uterus lining and appearance of the ovaries.

Treatment of PCOS depends on each patient’s needs. It can be for fertility, controlling excessive hair growth or obesity. These may involve lifestyle changes and/or medication.

Lifestyle Changes:

Weight loss will be the most important lifestyle change. This will combine a modest exercise regimen with a low-calorie diet. Even a five percent weight loss can bring improvements. This can also help with infertility and increasing the effectiveness of PCOS medication. Start a regular exercise programme to give one mental and physical boost.


To regulate the menstrual cycle, the doctor may first prescribe birth control pills to reduce androgen levels. This would be for about 2 weeks a month for 2 months. 


To help ovulation, one may be prescribed anti-estrogen drugs at the beginning of the cycle. Medication to stimulate the ovaries; lower insulin levels, improve insulin resistance for type 2 diabetes could be prescribed. Sometimes, hormone medication in injection form may be advised. 
With treatment, most women with PCOS can and do get pregnant. It just takes a little longer.

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Monday, 16 March 2020

How can a woman with a weak uterus get pregnant?

The uterus is a hollow muscular organ situated between the bladder and pelvis in the female body. The eggs that the ovaries produce, travel through the fallopian tube, and, after fertilisation, implant themselves in the lining of the uterus, where it develops into a baby.

A weak uterus, also called the Uterine Prolapse, is caused when the pelvic muscles and ligaments weak and can no longer support the uterus. 

It has been suggested that a prolapsed uterus can cause difficulty in getting pregnant. Previous pregnancy, advancing age with its change in hormones, can cause a prolapse of the uterus. 

However, there have been cases where it has happened, but with careful assessment and with elective caesarean section as the safest mode of child delivery.

This was made possible with the application of a vaginal pessary.  This is a soft removable device that supports the area affected by the prolapse. These can be in the shape of a U, disk, ring or cube.The name is derived from the Greek word, pessarion. 

In the cases referred here, it was inserted inside the pelvis after manual reposition. This was later removed during the 24th week. There has also been one case of in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer pregnancy.

Natural pregnancy, with a prolapsed uterus, is possible but highly risky. But, its management should be individualised based upon patient preference, age and severity of the prolapse.
While a vaginal delivery can be expected, a caesarean section is the safest option.

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Wednesday, 5 February 2020

Need of Counselling before you go with Infertility treatment

Need of the hour for couples

Counseling plays a vital role when it is about treating infertility. Counseling is usually preferred by couples who have been longing for a baby, and it provides the apt guidelines before the treatment. Counseling can be a bridge-building that can evoke the transparency between the doctor and the patient. 


A good counselor will always have the right solutions for all the problems, especially with regard to couples and their infertility issues. Couples need to come together as that would make the situation better for the doctor. The doctor needs to know both sides for the appropriate solution to appear. A good fertility specialist can bring out the solution through counseling within a day. 

Fertility specialists are the right people who could bring out awareness for couples and resolve the issue of infertility. They are the experts with good experience in their field; hence, they can answer all the questions that would be raised by a couple or a transgender person who wishes to have a baby. The fertility specialist can also provide detailed information in connection with the financial and emotional stress which couples would undergo. 

To conceive is a dream that all women would have in their life. Married couples, transgender people, single parents, and couples who have been trying for a long time can reach out to a fertility specialist to get the apt information and guidelines concerning the treatment. Each procedure would be explained accurately and appropriately with regard to the necessary tests such as physical examinations for both the genders, blood tests to know the hormonal variation, pre and post-coital tests for men to evaluate the sperm count and the duration of survival. 

As age plays a significant role with regard to getting pregnant, the fertility specialist can always inform a couple of the right time to conceive. It is always good to reach out to a counselor before the treatment. 


At Smile Baby IVF , the doctor would provide the best solutions and give the appropriate answer to all the questions raised by couples who seek their help.

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Monday, 2 December 2019

Stabilizing emotions and PCOD

Polycystic Ovary Disease or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is considered to be a hormonal disorder commonly seen in women. Excess of androgen hormone production is one of the signs of PCOS that leads to anovulation. This condition can be associated with obesity and insulin resistance.


Polycystic ovary syndrome can have a significant impact on physical health and mental health. The hormonal differences can lead to anxiety and depression in a lot of women. This can have a direct effect on the quality of life physically, psychologically, and socially. 
  • Physically - disrupts eating and sleeping patterns 
  • Psychologically - reduces motivation and increases the feelings of worthlessness 
  • Socially - affects relationships 
A combination of hectic life and PCOS would make a woman stressful. And it would make a situation difficult or feel threatened to cope up with it. At times stress could be a motivation to work whereas, too much stress could worsen the situation and would make one question their sense of wellbeing. Excess stress would cause health issues, as well. 

Body image
Acne, excess hair growth on the face, weight gain, fertility problems, and hair loss are considered as few symptoms of PCOD. This will have an impact on mood, self-confidence, and body image. These could make a woman self-conscious, reduced self-esteem, and questions confidence level. There could be a drastic change in behaviors such as reducing appetite on purpose, avoiding friends, and lack of interest to socialize. 

Other emotional problems
Anxiety and depression are the major issues for a woman with PCOD. There are more emotional problems, such as lethargy, irritability, and short temper. At times women with PCOD would get irritated for no reason, and this would cause problems in their relationships. The situation gets worse when they feel emotionally insecure; hence, doctors recommend their partners and family members to provide a peaceful realm for them.

Some women with PCOD will have higher insulin resistance, and this would lead to depression. It is always suggested to get support and help on time so that further complications can be avoided. At Smile Baby IVF, doctors help to diagnose and provide effective treatment for PCOS along with the necessary support and proper counseling.

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Tuesday, 19 November 2019

IVF for women over forty

Nowadays, several women are opting for a healthy and stable career before entering motherhood. Raising a child is an expensive affair, the cost comes both in terms of money and time, not to mention the amount of energy required to raise a child. Remember the old adage, “It takes a whole village to raise a child”, that notion is quite accurate today also.


As young working professionals it would be difficult to do all of these things at the same time. This is where IVF comes to help you. IVF enables women to postpone child bearing to an appropriate age in the future. Women can undergo treatment even after 40 and still be able to start a family.

There are many kinds of IVF treatments. However, there is considerable consensus in the medical community that IVF done using frozen eggs is the most effective method. The success rate both in terms of pregnancies as well as healthy births is much better compared to other forms of IVF.

When we further analyze the statistics on use of IVF it is seen that frozen eggs work best when it’s the woman’s own eggs, frozen at a younger age. This comes with twin benefits of higher pregnancy rates and healthier babies. 

In conclusion, IVF enables women to postpone their pregnancy to when they are more settled in life and are financially and professionally independent. However, it is essential for such women to freeze their eggs at their present age in-order to improve the odds of pregnancy and having a healthy baby. However, if you are above forty and have not frozen your eggs when you are young, you still have an excellent chance of both conceiving and giving birth to healthy children through IVF treatment. So, get in touch and we can help you to figure out how to get there.

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